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By Karyn Hall, CNN • Updated 30th July 2020
The documents that reportedly show how dozens of wealthy individuals and companies avoided billions of dollars in tax in at least 50 countries have once again raised questions about tax havens around the world.
These papers, known as “Pandora’s Papers,” contain millions of leaked documents from HSBC’s private bank in Switzerland, whose staff allegedly helped clients hide their cash from authorities in an effort to take advantage of tax advantages and other measures of offshore secrecy.
Some are not new revelations. But this particular release, which has been presented by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, shows which individuals and companies appear to have been using the tax havens, and how, according to the press release from the ICIJ , some of the names have not been public for some time.
CNN, which was not part of the ICIJ consortium, has used search and navigation tool on the CNN.com and CnnMoney websites to find that between January 1989 and September 2015, high profile figures including foreign ministry officials in France, Colombia, India, Ireland, Mexico, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Panama, Singapore, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States used four banks.
Some cases have been previously public, but others have not.
Certain figures have been included because of their prominence and political status, some are not identified in the documents in detail, while others were not mentioned in the documents by name, but are named in the press release from the ICIJ.
Who are the people and organizations that are listed?
1 / 22 North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (left) on the orders of his father Kim Jong Il (right). Credit: KCNA/Korea News Service via AP
The database lists the addresses of more than 150 countries where people and companies appeared to have used offshore banking services from Geneva bank Credit Suisse between 1989 and 2015.
Here are some of the high profile figures and organizations included.
Leslie Thys, French minister of foreign affairs, in Thailand in 2004
US First Lady Michelle Obama (left) in China in 2005
Benazir Bhutto, former prime minister of Pakistan, in 2000
George Papadopoulos, former advisor to Donald Trump’s presidential campaign in 2016
Macron himself, in Belgium in 2014
Donald Gregg, former ambassador to Uzbekistan, in Switzerland, 1989
– Qatar, 2009
– North Korea, 2010
– Trinidad and Tobago, 2009
– Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007
– Hong Kong, 2000
– Argentina, 2005
– Costa Rica, 2010
– Turkey, 2006
– Belize, 2005
– Ukraine, 2010
– Netherlands, 2005
– Israel, 2004
– Cayman Islands, 2006
– Panama, 2006
– Puerto Rico, 2008
– Cyprus, 2010
– Congo, 2011
– Ukraine, 2009
– Tunisia, 2006